Acne is a skin disease that occur when hair follicles are congested with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. Many forms are possible such as blackheads or whiteheads, pimples, oily skin, and possible skin damage.
Acne affects mainly areas of the skin with a quite high number of oil glands, which include the face, upper part of the chest, and back.
The real cause of acne is still unclear but genetic is thought to be playing a major role in about 80% (1)
One of the common factor that can influence also is an excessive growth of Propionibacterium acnes, a bacterium normally present on the skin
Acne affect almost all people at some point and different degree. It is sometimes considered as a normal stage in growing. However, it is most of the time seen in adolescents (2)
In fact, during puberty, acne is often triggered by the increasing s of hormones. However, this condition can last after that period.
The condition can be so serious that it can lead to anxiety, low self-esteem and, in extreme cases, depression or suicidal thoughts. Therefor action need to be taken.
We summarize in these few lines some of the best measures one can apply easily to prevent acne from getting worse.
These measures are assembled from some researches and experience from others. We advise you to consult also a specialist in case something need to be clarified for you or if you doubt of anything
10 BEST TIPS FOR PREVENTING BREAKOUT
1.Cleanliness of your face
Washing your face twice daily using warm water and a mild facial cleanser to remove impurities, dead skin cells, and extra oil is a good behavior. This works nicely whether you have acne or not.
We should notice that washing more often your face can have some consequences therefor limit yourself to twice daily.
Wash it gently with a very soft cloth or your hands. Make sure to rinse well, and then dry with a clean towel.
2.Keep your skin moisturized
Acne products in most cases contain ingredients that dry the skin, therefor, use a moisturizer that reduces dryness and skin peeling. When shopping check the labels and look for “noncomedogenic”, meaning it should not trigger acne. There are moisturizers in the market made for oily, dry, or combined type of skin.
3.Use makeup with caution
Avoid wearing foundation, powder or blush during a breakout. In case you have to wear makeup, make sure to wash it off at the end of the day.
Oil-free makeups without added dyes and chemicals can be a good choice.
Always read the ingredients list on the product labels before you buy and choose makeup that is branded as “noncomedogenic”.
4.Avoid touching your face and popping pimples
Try to avoid as much as possible touching your face or supporting your cheek or chin on your hands. That way you can keep yourself from more stress as this could not only spread bacteria, but can also irritate the facial skin already inflamed.
It is advisable to never pick or pop pimples with your fingers. This attitude can make things worse as it can lead to infection and scarring.
5.Consider some acne product
Consider some over-the-counter products that not need a prescription. These products may contain ingredients like benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, etc. They control bacteria and dry your skin. Start with a small quantity as they may cause drying or peeling of the skin.
You can then adjust the quantity and frequency of usage later.
Use these products carefully if you have sensitive skin.
6.Choose what you put on your hair
What you put on your hair can easily get on your face and cause irritation by blocking pores. Therefor try to avoid using fragrances, pomades, oils, or gels on your hair. The best you can do is to use a gentle shampoo and conditioner. Wash it often to avoid oily hair to add to the oil on your face, especially if you’re breaking out. Keep your hair pulled away from your face in case you have long ones.
7.Stay away from too much sun
The sunlight contains ultraviolet rays that can intensify inflammation and redness, and cause dark discoloration.
In addition to that, some medications used to control acne may cause your skin to become more sensitive to sunlight.
Try to limit the time you spend in the sun and wear protective clothing, such as a long-sleeved shirt, pants, and a broad-brimmed hat.
Always put on a broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher at least 20 minutes before sun exposure. Whether you have pimples or not.
Remember to read the labels for “noncomedogenic” sunscreen. This way there is less chances of making new pimples.
8.Have a Good Diet
Avoid oily food and junk food. Add fresher fruits and vegetables and whole grains to your diet.
Be careful on dairy products and foods high in processed sugar since they may trigger acne.
Exercise is always good for your body when done on a regular basis and this includes your skin.
When working out, try not to wear clothes or use exercise kit that rubs your skin and may lead to irritation.
Take a shower or bathe directly after exercise.
Stressing too much can lead to more severe symptoms. Therefore, find what makes you feel stressed and deal with. In addition, you can consider some techniques such as Yoga to relieve stress.
These are some tips we give based on experience and some researches. If in any case you have some different issues or are in doubt, don’t hesitate to consult a dermatologist, especially if you are pregnant.